5G wireless technology is slowly spreading around the globe, and many government agencies and organizations say there is no cause for alarm about the health effects of radio waves. However, some experts disagree with these claims, so many questions are raised about the health risks of this new technology.
What is 5G technology and why is it better?
The term 5G refers to the fifth generation of mobile technology. This generation promises significant improvements in browsing, streaming, download speed, and connectivity. Thus, 5G technology could be a positive thing for today’s society, as it is increasingly focused on technology.
As with previous technologies, 5G networks are based on radio signals. These are part of the electromagnetic spectrum and are transmitted between special antennas and mobile phones. 5G technology uses waves with a higher frequency than previous technologies, allowing devices connected to the Internet to benefit from a much better speed. However, the radio waves used travel shorter distances through urban spaces, so more transmitters are needed, which are mounted on poles, closer to ground level.
What are the concerns?
The electromagnetic radiation used by all mobile technologies has led some people to worry about increased health risks, including the development of certain types of cancer.
Electromagnetic radiation exists as a spectrum of different wavelengths and frequencies and results in the electromagnetic field. The power lines operate between 50 and 60 Hz, these values being found at the lower end of the spectrum. These low-frequency waves, together with radio waves, microwaves, infrared radiation, visible light, and some of the waves of the ultraviolet spectrum make up non-ionizing radiation. At higher values, the radiation becomes ionizing (X-rays, gamma rays) and has the ability to use enough energy to destroy the molecules of the human body, causing significant damage.
Mobile devices emit low-frequency waves, and the issue of health risks is an ongoing debate. Thus, in 2014, the World Health Organization stated that no adverse health effects were established that could be caused by the use of a mobile phone. However, The WHO and other competent structures have classified all radiation produced by mobile signals as possibly carcinogenic. There is no certainty about the risk of cancer because there is no conclusive evidence. Consumption of pickled vegetables and use of talcum powder is classified as having the same level of risk.
A study published in 2018 in the United States found that male rats that were exposed to high doses of radiation produced by mobile technologies developed a certain type of malignant tumor in the heart. For this study, rats were exposed to mobile radiation for nine hours a day, every day for two years, and even before birth. In contrast, no links were found between cancer and female rats. It was also observed that rats exposed to radiation had a longer life expectancy than those in the control group.
All this research is performed on animals and cannot be directly compared to human exposure to radiation produced by the use of mobile phones. Thus, although some studies may indicate a statistical possibility of increasing the risk of cancer, the evidence is not convincing enough to launch certain preventive actions. However, there are a growing number of scientists and doctors who have called on the European Union leadership to stop launching 5G technology.
5G Technology does not involve ionizing radiation
The waves used by mobile networks are not ionizing, which means they do not have enough energy to break DNA and cause cell damage. The higher the electromagnetic spectrum (well above the frequencies used by mobile phones ), the greater and clearer the health risks, especially when the exposure is long.
It should be noted that the sun’s ultraviolet rays fall into the category of harmful radiation with a high potential to cause cancer. Medical X-rays also include exposure to X -rays and gamma radiation, so there is a risk of harmful effects on the body. For these reasons, it is recommended to limit exposure to this radiation.
People are clearly worried about the risk of cancer associated with using 5G technology, but it is crucial to remember that the associated radiation is even lower than that produced by daylight. There is also no conclusive evidence that mobile phones or wireless networks have caused health problems.
There are some concerns about 5G transmitters, as this technology requires a lot of new transmissions, all of which are located on poles close to ground level. These stations also receive and transmit mobile signals. However, it should be noted that the need for an increased number of such transmitters will lead to a decrease in radiation levels. Each station can run lower energy levels than those used in 4G technology, which means that the level of radiation exposure from 5G antennas will be lower.
Some of the 5G radiation can be classified as part of the microwave category. Microwaves generate heat in the objects they pass through, so there are concerns for this reason as well. However, the energy levels used for 5G technology do not produce heating effects that are harmful to health. Also, the maximum level of radiation that can be produced by 5G technology is so low that so far no temperature increases have been detected.
The British government has said that there is a possibility that radiation exposure will be slightly higher when 5G technology is added to the existing network. However, the overall exposure will remain low.
According to those skilled in the art, the frequencies associated with 5G signals are in the non-ionizing band of the electromagnetic spectrum, so they are considered to be well below the values considered harmful. Also, researchers from the World Health Organization say that exposure to 5G electromagnetic radiation does not seem to have health consequences, at least not some known.