Robotics is an interdisciplinary branch of science and engineering concerned with the design, manufacture, and use of mechanical robots. Our tutorial will offer you a solid understanding of robotics, covering the many types of robots and their applications in various sectors.
What Is Robotics?
Robotics is a field that integrates science, engineering, and technology to develop robots that do (or imitate) human actions. In popular culture, robots have long been a source of curiosity. R2-D2. Optimus Prime is a robotic character. WALL-E. These exaggerated humanoid robot designs look to be parodies of the real thing at times…or are they more foresighted than we realize? Robots are acquiring cognitive and mechanical abilities, thus an R2-D2-like machine is not ruled out in the future.
The breadth of what is called robotics expands as technology advances. In 2005, 90 percent of all robots were working in auto plants, manufacturing vehicles. These robots mostly comprise of mechanical arms that are charged for welding or screwing on certain automobile parts. Today’s concept of robotics has developed and expanded to encompass the development, construction, and usage of bots that explore Earth’s harshest environments, robots that help law enforcement, and even robots that assist in nearly every aspect of healthcare.
While the area of robotics as a whole is expanding, all robots have a few characteristics:
- Every robot contains a mechanical component of some sort. The mechanical element of a robot helps it do tasks in the environment for which it was designed. The wheels of the Mars 2020 Rover, for example, are self-powered and made of titanium tubing, allowing it to grip the rugged surface of Mars securely.
- Robots require electrical components to control and power their equipment. In essence, the vast majority of robots require an electric current (for example, from a battery).
- Robots contain at least a little degree of computer programming. If a robot didn’t have a set of instructions to follow, it would be nothing more than a piece of simple machinery. Programming improves a robot’s ability to understand when and how to do a task.
As artificial intelligence and software improve, we’re certain to see the robotics industry’s promise sooner rather than later. Robots will continue to become smarter, more adaptable, more energy-efficient in the near future as these technologies improve. They’ll also be a key focus in smart factories, where they’ll tackle increasingly complex issues and contribute to the security of global supply networks.
Types of Robots:
Mechanical bots come in a variety of forms and sizes to do the purpose for which they were created. The design, functioning, and level of autonomy of all robots differ. Robots are developing to perform jobs that humans just cannot, from the 0.2 millimeter-long “RoboBee” to the 200-meter-long robotic freight vessel “Vindskip.”
1. Pre-Programmed Robots
Pre-programmed robots do simple, repetitive activities in a controlled setting. A mechanical arm in an automotive assembly line is an example of a pre-programmed robot. The arm has only one thing to accomplish – weld a door shut, put a part into the engine, etc. — and it’s goal is to do it better, quicker, and longer than a person could.
2. Humanoid Robots
Humanoid robots have the appearance and/or behavior of humans. These robots often execute human-like actions (such as running, leaping, and carrying items) and are occasionally intended to resemble humans, with human-like features and attitudes. Hanson Robotics’ Sophia (seen in the video above) and Boston Dynamics’ Atlas are two of the most well-known humanoid robots.
3. Autonomous Robots
Autonomous robots do not require human operators to function. These robots are frequently designed to do tasks in open spaces without human supervision. They’re unique in that they employ sensors to monitor their surroundings, then use decision-making processes (usually a computer) to choose the appropriate next step based on their data and purpose. An autonomous robot is the Roomba vacuum cleaner, which uses sensors to roam freely across a house.
Example of Autonomous Robots
- Cleaning Bots (for example, Roomba)
- Lawn Trimming Bots
- Hospitality Bots
- Autonomous Drones
- Medical Assistant Bots
4. Teleoperated Robots
Teleoperated robots are semi-autonomous robots that can be controlled over a wireless network from afar. These robots are commonly employed in distant regions where the weather, environment, and other conditions are severe. As instances of teleoperated robots, human-controlled submarines were utilized to fix underwater pipe breaches during the BP oil spill, and drones were used to find landmines on a battlefield.
5. Augmenting Robots
Augmenting robots can either improve or replace human talents that have been lost. Robotics for human improvement is a science fiction subject that might become reality very soon, with bots capable of redefining humanity by making individuals faster and stronger. Modern augmenting robots include robotic prosthetic limbs and exoskeletons for lifting big weights.
Virtual reality robots may be used for a variety of tasks, including defusing explosives and conducting surgery.